Lithovit

lithovit

BENEFITS of LITHOVIT®

• Increased yield and improves quality and storage properties of crop especially when plants are suffering under stress situations
• Accelerates the quality of growth and intensifies the harvest color, shelf life.
• Reduces water requirement due to higher drought tolerance.
• Enhances plant resistance against drought, frost, insects and fungi.
• Enhances the supply of essential trace elements to plants.
• Metabolization of Mg informing Chlorophyll is increased the degree of photosynthesis,
• Recommended by European Community for organic farming according to EC Regulation of 834/2007 & 889/2008
• The most Lithovit particles are smaller than 10 μm that they can be absorbed directly through the stomata of the plant‘s foliage.

LITHOVIT® – HOW IT WORKS

Lithovit is the first natural CO2 foliar fertilizer that can be used successfully outdoors as well as under glass. It consists of calcium carbonate supplemented by numerous important micronutrients.
Most Lithovit particles are so small (< 10 μm) that they can be absorbed directly through the stomata of the plant‘s foliage. Inside the leaves, the Lithovit® particles break down and release CO2 in particular, but also other substances as well.

The low CO2 content of normal air (0.04 vol.%) means that most cultivated plants fail to achieve an optimum level of photosynthesis. Assuming that temperature conditions are favorable and there is a sufficient supply of nutrients and water, the maximum level of photosynthesis is achieved at around 0.1 vol.% CO2. The use of the Lithovit® CO2 outdoor fertilizer can thus improve the photosynthesis performance. In addition, the effect is further enhanced by the micronutrients contained in Lithovit®.

LITHOVIT® SCIENCE

ABSTRACT
Lithovit®, an excellent foliar fertilizer, consists of (Ca,Mg)CO3 supplemented by numerous of important micro-nutrients. It is produced by milling natural limestone in special mills down to particle diameter < 10 μ. Spraying the aqueous solution (0.5%) of this very fine, tribodynamic activated powder, on the foliage, the Lithovit particles penetrate partly directly through the stomata of the leaves into the intercellular compartment. The rest remains as a film on the leaves surface. The Mechanism of Lithovit action as fertilizer is still not totally clear. Very probably it is due to supplying the plants with CO2 in much higher concentration than that in the atmosphere and so enabling the photosynthesis to take place with much higher degree leading to a stronger natural growth and increasing yield. Furthermore, the supplements of the different trace elements increasing the enzymatic activity should play also a role in this process.
The release of CO2 in the intercellular compartment is probably due to the docking of the Lithovit particles having negative charged surface (as a result of the tribodynamic activation) on the cell membrane forming a negative electrostatic potential which attracts the protons formed inside the cell due to the water splitting in the first light reaction of the photosynthesis. The protons pass the membrane, dock on the negative charged CO3 – groups of the Lithovit forming intermediary H2CO3 which decomposes to CO2 and H2O.

Mechanism 1: Lithovit consists of Calcium-, Magnesium-Carbonate (Ca,Mg)CO3, supplemented by numerous important micro-nutrients. It is produced by milling natural limestone in special mills down to particle diameter < 10μ. Spraying the aqueous suspension (0.5%) of this very fine, tribodynamic activated2) powder on the foliage, the Lithovit particles penetrate in part directly through the stomata of the leaves into the intercellular compartments. The rest remains on the leaves as a film. However, Lithovit acts as an excellent fertilizer. The mechanism of this action is still not totally clear. Very probably it is due to supplying the plants with Carbon dioxide (CO2) in much higher concentration than that in the atmosphere and so enabling the Photosynthesis to take place with higher degree leading to a stronger natural growth and increasing yield. Furthermore, the supplements of micro-nutrients increasing the enzymatic activity should play also role in this process.

Mechanism 2: It is very important mechanism. At night the leaves are covered with dew water. At the same time the plants burn in darkness carbon hydrates to cover their energy need and produce CO2 + H2O. This Carbon dioxide (in addition to that in the atmosphere) + H2O (from the dew additionally to that produced) converts the carbonate in Lithovit into Hydrogencarbonate according to:
(Ca,Mg)CO3 + H2O + CO2  (Ca,Mg)(HCO3)2 (4)
During the day the temperature rises gradually and the equilibrium reaction (4) is shifted to the left hand side (due to evaporation of water) developing CO2 from the Hydrogencarbonat. In that way lithovit is acting as quasi catalytic depot supplying permanently CO2 at high concentration right at the leaves surface.
LITHOVIT – INSTRUCTION FOR USE

There are a number of different times when Lithovit can basically be applied:
• at the beginning of foliation / the time of bedding out
• at the time of flowering and
• during the ripening of the fruit

Lithovit Natural CO2 Foliar Fertilizer may be used once or several times, at most every 3-4 weeks, separately or in combination with a plant protection agent. Minimum dosage: 1 kg/ha as a 0.3% – 0.5% aqueous suspension (300 – 500g of Lithovit per 100 l of water) with a pH of between 6 and 10. It can be applied using an agricultural pesticide sprayer with an agitator or any commercially available garden spray. A wetting agent will increase the effectiveness and reduce spray residue markings.

Bitki Tavsiye edilen uygulama sayısı Uygulama miktarı kg/ha Toplam Uygulama kg/ha Her Lithovit uygulaması için BBCH büyüme evresi kodları
1 2 3
BUĞDAY 2 1.5 3.0 22-23 39 -
ARPA 2 1.5 3.0 22-23 39 -
YULAF 2 1.5 3.0 22-23 39 -
ÇAVDAR 2 1.5 3.0 22-23 39 -
ÇELTİK 2 1.5 3.0 22-23 39 -
MISIR 2 1.5 3.0 14(-16) 19 -
KANOLA BİTKİLERİ 2 1.5 3.0 14-16 22-23 -
BAKLA 2 1.5 3.0 15-16 30 -
AYÇİÇEĞİ 2 1.5 3.0 14-16 31-33 -
PANCAR 2 1.5 3.0 4-6 Ağustos Ayında Mantar ilacı ile beraber -
PATATES 2 1.5 3.0 107 309 -
YUMUŞAK ÇEKİRDEKLİ MEYVELER 3 1.5 4.5 15 32 71
SERT ÇEKİRDEKLİ MEYVELER 3 1.5 4.5 (15) 19 32 71(-73)
FRENK ÜZÜMÜ 3 1.5 4.5 15 32 71
ÇİLEK 3 1.5 4.5 65 72 77
NARENCİYE 3 1.5 4.5 (15-)19 32 71
ZEYTİN 3 1.5 4.5 15 31 65
KAHVE 3 1.5 4.5 22 32 65
MUZ >3 1.2 – 2.5 4.5 19 Uygulamalar 20-30 Gün arayla
ASMA 3 1.5 4.5 61 71 77
SOYA FASÜLYESİ 2 1.5 3.0 19 29 -
PAMUK 2 1.5 3.0 19 29 -
YERFISTIĞI 2 1.5 3.0 19 29 -
ŞERBETÇİOTU 3 2, 2, 3 7 33 61 >69
SOĞANGİLLER
(soğan, pırasa,
sarımsak, arpacık soğan)
2 1.5 3.0 15 41 -
KÖK VE YUMRU SEBZE
(havuç, lâhanası, 
hindiba, turp,
sarı şalgam,)
2 1.5 3.0 15 42 -
YAPRAK SEBZELER
(Kafa yapanlar)
(Lahana, Çin Lahanası,
marul, hindiba)
2 1.5 3.0 15 41-42 -
YAPRAK SEBZELER
(Kafa yapmayanlar)
(Ispanak Lahana gibi)
(ıspanak, loosehead 
marul,lahana) (ıspanak, loosehead marul,lahana)
2 1.5 3.0 15 33 -
DİĞER LAHANALAR, SEBZELER
(Brüksel lahanası,
karnabahar, brokoli)
2 1.5 3.0 15 31-32 -
HIYAR (Salatalık)
(hıyar, kavun,
kabak, su kabakları,
karpuz)
3-4 1.5 4.5-6 13-15 61 1-2 uygulama her 28 günde
DOMATES, PATLICAN, BİBER
(Köpek üzümü – İlaç yapımında kul.)
Patlıcan,Biber)(domates, 
patlıcan, kırmızı biber)
3-5 1.5 4.5-7.5 14-16 22-23 1-3 uygulama her 21 günde
BEZELYE 3 1.5 4.5 13-15 25 6 hafta sonra
FASÜLYE 3 1.5 4.5 13-15 25 6 hafta sonra
TÜTÜN 2 1.5 3.0 5-7 leaves Uygulama 12. Yaprak oluşması ile çiçeklenme arası -

Lithovit Analizi Sonuç Raporu
Sunan: TRIBOdyn AG, Breite Str. 54, 37154 Northeim, Almanya
Tarih : 14.2.2104

Orijinal maddelere ait sonuçlar Sonuç Yöntem
Kuru madde 99,9% DIN 38414,S2
P2O5 (mineral asit çözünebilir) 0,05% ISO 11885
K2O (mineral asit çözünebilir) 0,54% ISO 11885
Magnezyum (MgCO3) 11,8% ISO 11885
CaCO3 olarak Kalsiyum 72,3% ISO 11885
Sodyum (Na) 0,02% ISO 11885
Kurşun (Pb) 6,30 mg/kg ISO 11885
Kadmiyum (Cd) < 0,100 mg/kg ISO 11885
Bakır (Cu) 6 mg/kg ISO 11885
Nikel (Ni) 13 mg/kg ISO 11885
Cıva (Hg) 0,01 mg/kg DIN 38406,E12
Çinko (Zn) 26 mg/kg ISO 11885
Demir (Fe) 10599 mg/kg ISO 11885
Alüminyum (Al) 10152 mg/kg ISO 11885
Baryum (Ba) 80 mg/kg ISO 11885
Manganez (Mn) 233 mg/kg ISO 11885
Stronsiyum (Sr) 1119 mg/kg ISO 11885
Arsenik (As) 3,05 mg/kg DIN 38406,E29
Talyum (Tl) 0,110 mg/kg DIN 38406,E29
Silikon Dioksit (SiO2) 11,00% ISO 11885
Sülfat (SO4) % < 0,10 ISO 10304