BENEFITS of LITHOVIT®
• Increased yield and improves quality and storage properties of crop especially when plants are suffering under stress situations
• Accelerates the quality of growth and intensifies the harvest color, shelf life.
• Reduces water requirement due to higher drought tolerance.
• Enhances plant resistance against drought, frost, insects and fungi.
• Enhances the supply of essential trace elements to plants.
• Metabolization of Mg informing Chlorophyll is increased the degree of photosynthesis,
• Recommended by European Community for organic farming according to EC Regulation of 834/2007 & 889/2008
• The most Lithovit particles are smaller than 10 μm that they can be absorbed directly through the stomata of the plant‘s foliage.
LITHOVIT® – HOW IT WORKS
Lithovit is the first natural CO2 foliar fertilizer that can be used successfully outdoors as well as under glass. It consists of calcium carbonate supplemented by numerous important micronutrients.
Most Lithovit particles are so small (< 10 μm) that they can be absorbed directly through the stomata of the plant‘s foliage. Inside the leaves, the Lithovit® particles break down and release CO2 in particular, but also other substances as well.
The low CO2 content of normal air (0.04 vol.%) means that most cultivated plants fail to achieve an optimum level of photosynthesis. Assuming that temperature conditions are favorable and there is a sufficient supply of nutrients and water, the maximum level of photosynthesis is achieved at around 0.1 vol.% CO2. The use of the Lithovit® CO2 outdoor fertilizer can thus improve the photosynthesis performance. In addition, the effect is further enhanced by the micronutrients contained in Lithovit®.
Lithovit®, an excellent foliar fertilizer, consists of (Ca,Mg)CO3 supplemented by numerous of important micro-nutrients. It is produced by milling natural limestone in special mills down to particle diameter < 10 μ. Spraying the aqueous solution (0.5%) of this very fine, tribodynamic activated powder, on the foliage, the Lithovit particles penetrate partly directly through the stomata of the leaves into the intercellular compartment. The rest remains as a film on the leaves surface. The Mechanism of Lithovit action as fertilizer is still not totally clear. Very probably it is due to supplying the plants with CO2 in much higher concentration than that in the atmosphere and so enabling the photosynthesis to take place with much higher degree leading to a stronger natural growth and increasing yield. Furthermore, the supplements of the different trace elements increasing the enzymatic activity should play also a role in this process.
The release of CO2 in the intercellular compartment is probably due to the docking of the Lithovit particles having negative charged surface (as a result of the tribodynamic activation) on the cell membrane forming a negative electrostatic potential which attracts the protons formed inside the cell due to the water splitting in the first light reaction of the photosynthesis. The protons pass the membrane, dock on the negative charged CO3 – groups of the Lithovit forming intermediary H2CO3 which decomposes to CO2 and H2O.
Mechanism 1: Lithovit consists of Calcium-, Magnesium-Carbonate (Ca,Mg)CO3, supplemented by numerous important micro-nutrients. It is produced by milling natural limestone in special mills down to particle diameter < 10μ. Spraying the aqueous suspension (0.5%) of this very fine, tribodynamic activated2) powder on the foliage, the Lithovit particles penetrate in part directly through the stomata of the leaves into the intercellular compartments. The rest remains on the leaves as a film. However, Lithovit acts as an excellent fertilizer. The mechanism of this action is still not totally clear. Very probably it is due to supplying the plants with Carbon dioxide (CO2) in much higher concentration than that in the atmosphere and so enabling the Photosynthesis to take place with higher degree leading to a stronger natural growth and increasing yield. Furthermore, the supplements of micro-nutrients increasing the enzymatic activity should play also role in this process.
Mechanism 2: It is very important mechanism. At night the leaves are covered with dew water. At the same time the plants burn in darkness carbon hydrates to cover their energy need and produce CO2 + H2O. This Carbon dioxide (in addition to that in the atmosphere) + H2O (from the dew additionally to that produced) converts the carbonate in Lithovit into Hydrogencarbonate according to:
(Ca,Mg)CO3 + H2O + CO2 (Ca,Mg)(HCO3)2 (4)
During the day the temperature rises gradually and the equilibrium reaction (4) is shifted to the left hand side (due to evaporation of water) developing CO2 from the Hydrogencarbonat. In that way lithovit is acting as quasi catalytic depot supplying permanently CO2 at high concentration right at the leaves surface.
LITHOVIT – INSTRUCTION FOR USE
There are a number of different times when Lithovit can basically be applied:
• at the beginning of foliation / the time of bedding out
• at the time of flowering and
• during the ripening of the fruit
Lithovit Natural CO2 Foliar Fertilizer may be used once or several times, at most every 3-4 weeks, separately or in combination with a plant protection agent. Minimum dosage: 1 kg/ha as a 0.3% – 0.5% aqueous suspension (300 – 500g of Lithovit per 100 l of water) with a pH of between 6 and 10. It can be applied using an agricultural pesticide sprayer with an agitator or any commercially available garden spray. A wetting agent will increase the effectiveness and reduce spray residue markings.
|Bitki||Tavsiye edilen uygulama sayısı||Uygulama miktarı kg/ha||Toplam Uygulama kg/ha||Her Lithovit uygulaması için BBCH büyüme evresi kodları|
|PANCAR||2||1.5||3.0||4-6||Ağustos Ayında Mantar ilacı ile beraber||-|
|YUMUŞAK ÇEKİRDEKLİ MEYVELER||3||1.5||4.5||15||32||71|
|SERT ÇEKİRDEKLİ MEYVELER||3||1.5||4.5||(15) 19||32||71(-73)|
|MUZ||>3||1.2 – 2.5||4.5||19||Uygulamalar 20-30 Gün arayla|
|ŞERBETÇİOTU||3||2, 2, 3||7||33||61||>69|
sarımsak, arpacık soğan)
|KÖK VE YUMRU SEBZE
(Lahana, Çin Lahanası,
(Ispanak Lahana gibi)
marul,lahana) (ıspanak, loosehead marul,lahana)
|DİĞER LAHANALAR, SEBZELER
kabak, su kabakları,
|3-4||1.5||4.5-6||13-15||61||1-2 uygulama her 28 günde|
|DOMATES, PATLICAN, BİBER
(Köpek üzümü – İlaç yapımında kul.)
patlıcan, kırmızı biber)
|3-5||1.5||4.5-7.5||14-16||22-23||1-3 uygulama her 21 günde|
|BEZELYE||3||1.5||4.5||13-15||25||6 hafta sonra|
|FASÜLYE||3||1.5||4.5||13-15||25||6 hafta sonra|
|TÜTÜN||2||1.5||3.0||5-7 leaves||Uygulama 12. Yaprak oluşması ile çiçeklenme arası||-|
Lithovit Analizi Sonuç Raporu
Sunan: TRIBOdyn AG, Breite Str. 54, 37154 Northeim, Almanya
Tarih : 14.2.2104
|Orijinal maddelere ait sonuçlar||Sonuç||Yöntem|
|Kuru madde||99,9%||DIN 38414,S2|
|P2O5 (mineral asit çözünebilir)||0,05%||ISO 11885|
|K2O (mineral asit çözünebilir)||0,54%||ISO 11885|
|Magnezyum (MgCO3)||11,8%||ISO 11885|
|CaCO3 olarak Kalsiyum||72,3%||ISO 11885|
|Sodyum (Na)||0,02%||ISO 11885|
|Kurşun (Pb)||6,30 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Kadmiyum (Cd)||< 0,100 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Bakır (Cu)||6 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Nikel (Ni)||13 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Cıva (Hg)||0,01 mg/kg||DIN 38406,E12|
|Çinko (Zn)||26 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Demir (Fe)||10599 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Alüminyum (Al)||10152 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Baryum (Ba)||80 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Manganez (Mn)||233 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Stronsiyum (Sr)||1119 mg/kg||ISO 11885|
|Arsenik (As)||3,05 mg/kg||DIN 38406,E29|
|Talyum (Tl)||0,110 mg/kg||DIN 38406,E29|
|Silikon Dioksit (SiO2)||11,00%||ISO 11885|
|Sülfat (SO4)||% < 0,10||ISO 10304|